Relatives and friends of the 354 passengers were waiting to greet them at Don Mueang airport after they arrived safely on a Boeing 747-400 Thai Airways International charter flight from Dubai, which touched down in the capital shortly after 2pm.
They left Cairo on Sunday and travelled to Dubai on a special Egypt Air flight, where they picked up their connecting THAI flight back to Thailand.
Nawin Boonset, secretary to the foreign minister, said 614 Thais in total would return home on Monday on chartered flights by the national flag carrier. Those who are yet to touch down are due to arrive at Don Mueang on Monday night.
About 1,700 Thais, most of them students, live in Egypt. Clashes between authorities and Islamist protesters in the country have been escalating since the army ousted president Mohamed Morsi on July 3.
Nattapol Deecharoen, one of the evacuees, hugged his mother when she greeted him for the first time since arriving back in Thailand.
"It's scary in the city. Shootings were seen everywhere and tanks were on the streets,'' said Mr Nattapol, who had been living in the suburbs of Cairo.
The bloody protests meant that students were too scared to go outside for fear of their safety, so could not go to the bank to get cash transferred to them from Thailand, he said.
''Nobody left home,'' said Mr Nattapol, who is studying at pre-college level in Egypt before going to university later this year.
''I have no choice but to put on hold my study. But I will go back there,'' he said.
He praised the Foreign Ministry for its evacuation plan.
Most Thai students in the north African country attend Egyptian universities on scholarships, since Egypt is one of the most popular tertiary education destinations for Thai Muslims.
It is unclear how many Thai students want to go back to Egypt to resume their education after the security situation in the country improves.
Deputy Education Minister Sermsak Pongpanich advised students to wait until there is peace in Egypt to decide whether or not to return.
The Education Ministry will arrange for students returning from Egypt to continue with their education in Thailand, Mr Sermsak said, adding that they would be allowed to transfer their credits from courses in Egypt to programmes of study in Thailand.
The Thai Transport Ministry provided 15 city buses to take returned evacuees to inter-provincial bus terminals, so that they could then take buses to their home provinces. An additional 10 direct buses were also provided to destinations in other provinces.
More than 800 people in Egypt have been killed in clashes between supporters of ousted former president Mohamed Morsi and security forces, as protests spread from Cairo to Alexandria and other cities.
On Monday, suspected militants killed 25 police officers in the Sinai Peninsula, as Islamists planned to go ahead with protests despite a warning from the military.