The court is part of a tourism division under Pattaya judiciary control and will operate like a one-stop service for tourists to seek justice for unfair practices from scams, theft, conflicts and accidents.
Officials including interpreters are deployed at the office to receive complaints from tourists around the clock. Vachara Kannikar, the spokesman for the Tourism and Sports Ministry, said cases could be taken up as early as the day after an incident.
"The one-stop service will ensure speedy trials, although that also depends on the complexity of each case," he said.
''A standard case will be wrapped up in one day."
The project was mooted about three months ago by the ministry, police and the Court of Justice after a series of well-publicised incidents involving tourists had caused many countries to express grave concern about visiting Thailand.
The first test case for the court was the speed boat accident in Pattaya on Aug 28.
The family members of the two Chinese tourists killed in the accident lodged a complaint for compensation to the court after it was introduced to the public.
The two Chinese died when a speedboat, the Chok Suwannee 17, carrying 28 visitors back to Pattaya from Koh Lan struck the mooring chain of another tourist boat just before Bali Hai Cape. Four other Chinese were seriously injured.
The accident and another recent one off Pattaya in which two tourists from South Korea lost their legs had a serious impact on the country, Tourism and Sports Minister Somsak Pureesrisak said after the crash.
Tourism is a key sector driving the economy during the current financial slump. More than 20 million foreigners have visited the kingdom this year and the government projects annual tourism revenue of 1.6 trillion baht, which could shoot up to 2 trillion baht in the next two years.
They are lured by Thai culture, food and destinations in the kingdom.
"Thailand has world class destinations for tourists, but the country does not have world class legal protection for them,'' Mr Somsak said. ''This court is trying to plug that hole.''
Virat Chinvinitkul, secretary-general of the Courts of Justice, told Khao Sod on Sunday that the tourist court was an addition to the work of the existing court which closely cooperates with police, ministry officials and prosecutors.
Despite Thailand's popularity, there are frequent complaints about scams from boat rentals to tuk-tuks, taxis and jet skis in many tourist locations.
The European Union in June urged Thailand to seriously tackle scams affecting European tourists on Phuket before posting a warning about the dangers of visiting the southern island.
The warning prompted the Department of Special Investigation to set up an anti-crime centre at Phuket airport and downtown to tackle those who harass tourists and cheat them.
Phuket will be the next location for a court, after which similar ones will be set up in Chiang Mai, Koh Samui in Surat Thani, Bangkok and possibly Suvarnabhumi airport.